INCOME TAX ACT 1967 (ACT 53)
PART I - PRELIMINARY




Section 2. Interpretation.


(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

"adjusted income", in relation to a source and a basis period, means adjusted income ascertained in accordance with this Act;

"adjusted loss", in relation to a source and a basis period, means adjusted loss ascertained in accordance with this Act;

"aggregate income", in relation to a person and a year of assessment, means aggregate income ascertained in accordance with this Act;

"approved loan" means-

[Ins. Act 328:s.4; Am. Act 557:s.4]
by a person not resident in Malaysia:

Provided that-


[Ins. Act 328:s.4]
"approved operational headquarters company" has the meaning assigned thereto by section 60E;
[Ins. Act 420:s.4]
"approved scheme" means the Employees Provident Fund or any pension or provident fund, scheme or society approved by the Director General under section 150;
[Am. Act 513:s.4]
"assessment" means any assessment or additional assessment made under this Act;

"authorized officer" means, within the scope of his authority-

"basis period", in relation to a person, a source of his and a year of assessment, means such basis period, if any, as is ascertained in accordance with section 21 or 21A;
[Am. Act A1093:s.2]

"basis year" has the meaning assigned by section 20;

"body of persons" means an unincorporated body of persons (not being a company), including a Hindu joint family but excluding a partnership;

"building" includes any structure erected on land (not being plant or machinery);

"business" includes profession, vocation and trade and every manufacture, adventure or concern in the nature of trade, but excludes employment;

"chargeable income" in relation to a person and a year of assessment, means chargeable income ascertained in accordance with this Act;

"Clerk" means the Clerk to the Special Commissioners;

"company" means a body corporate and includes any body of persons established with a separate legal identity by or under the laws of a territory outside Malaysia;

"composite assessment" means a composite assessment made in accordance with section 96A;

"controlled company" means a company having not more than fifty members and controlled, in the manner described by section 139, by not more than five persons;

"co-operative society" means any co-operative society registered under any written law relating to the registration of co-operative societies in Malaysia;
[Am. Act A380:s.2]
"director", in relation to a company, includes any person occupying the position of director (by whatever name called), any person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors are accustomed to act and any person who-

"Director General" means the Director General of Inland Revenue referred to in section 134;

"employee", in relation to an employment, means-

"employer", in relation to an employment, means-

"employment" means-

"executor" means the executor, administrator or other person administering or managing the estate of a deceased person;

"foreign tax" means any tax on income (or any other tax of a substantially similar character) chargeable or imposed by or under the laws of a territory outside Malaysia;

"Hindu joint family" means what in any system of law prevailing in India is known as a Hindu joint family or coparcenary;

'"husband who elects" means the husband who is referred to in section 45(2) (b);
[Ins. Act 608:s.4]

"incapacitated person" means a minor or a person adjudged under any law to be in a state of unsoundness of mind (however described);

"individual" means a natural person;

"Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia" means the Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia established under the Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia Act 1995 [Act 533];
[Am. Act A955:s.2]
"lease" includes a sublease, a tenancy for three years or less and any agreement for a lease or sublease;

"Malaysia" means the territories of the Federation of Malaysia, the territorial waters of Malaysia and the sea-bed and subsoil of the territorial waters, and includes any area extending beyond the limits of the territorial waters of Malaysia, and the sea-bed and subsoil of any such area, which has been or may hereafter be designated under the laws of Malaysia as an area over which Malaysia has sovereign rights for the purposes of exploring and exploiting the natural resources, whether living or non-living;
[Ins. Act 337:s.4]
"market value", in relation to any thing, means the price which that thing would fetch if sold in a transaction between independent persons dealing at arm's length;

"Minister" means the Minister for the time being charged with the responsibility for finance;
[Ins. Act 600:s.4]

"offshore business activity" has the meaning assigned thereto by the Labuan Offshore Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445];
[Am. Act A774:s.2]
"offshore company" has the meaning assigned thereto by the Labuan Offshore Business Activity Tax Act 1990;
[Am. Act A774:s.2]
"partnership" means an association of any kind (including joint adventures, syndicates and cases where a party to the association is itself a partnership) between parties who have agreed to combine any of their rights, powers, property, labour or skill for the purpose of carrying on a business and sharing the profits therefrom, but excludes a Hindu joint family although such a family may be a partner in a partnership;

"person" includes a company, a body of persons and a corporation sole;

"premises" means a building (or, where a building is divided into separate parts used or capable of being used as separate residential flats or otherwise as separate tenements, any one of those parts) and includes-

"prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under section 154 or, in relation to a form other than the form mentioned in subsection 138 (1), prescribed under section 152;

"public entertainer" means a stage, radio or television artiste, a musician, athlete or an individual exercising any profession, vocation or employment of a similar nature;
[Am. Act A158:s.2]
"rent" includes any sum paid for the use or occupation of any premises or part thereof or for the hire of any thing;

"resident" means resident in Malaysia for the basis year for a year of assessment by virtue of section 7 or 8;

"royalty" includes-

[Am. Act 557:s.4]
"service director", in relation to a company, means a director (not being a person to whom, together with his associates within the meaning of subsection 139 (7), if any, there would be distributed, on the distribution of a dividend by the company, more than five per cent of the dividend) who is employed in the service of the company in a managerial or technical capacity, and is not, either on his own or with any associate or associates within that meaning, the beneficial owner of (or able directly or through the medium of other companies or by any other indirect means to control) more than five per cent of the ordinary share capital of the company ("ordinary share capital" here having the same meaning as in the definition of "director" in this subsection);

"share", in relation to a company, includes stock other than debenture stock;

"source" means a source of income;

"Special Commissioners" means the Special Commissioners of Income Tax referred to in section 98;

"statutory authority" means any authority or body established by or under a written law (not being an authority or body established under the Companies Act, 1965 [Act 125], or any written law of a corresponding kind in force before the commencement of that Act in any place comprised in Malaysia on 1st January 1968) to discharge any functions for a public nature, including the provision of public utility and similar services;

"statutory income", in relation to a person, a source and a year of assessment, means statutory income ascertained in accordance with this Act;

"statutory order" means an order having legislative effect;

"stock in trade", in relation to a business, means property of any description, whether movable or immovable, being either-

and includes any work in progress;

"tax" means the tax imposed by this Act;

"total income", in relation to a person and a year of assessment, means total income ascertained in accordance with this Act;

"trust body", in relation to a trust, means the trust body provided for by section 61;

"wife" means a woman who (whether or not she has gone through any religious or other ceremony) is regarded by virtue of any law or custom as the wife of a man or as one of his wives;

'"wife who elects" means the wife who is referred to in section 45(2) (a);
[Ins. Act 680:s.4]

"year of assessment", subject to subsection (5), means calendar year.

(2) Any reference in this Act to income shall, if the income is not described as being income of a particular kind, be construed as a reference to income generally or to gross, adjusted, statutory, aggregate, total or chargeable income as the context and circumstances may require.

(3) Unless the context otherwise requires, "payable for" and "receivable for", when used in this Act with reference to a period, mean payable or receivable, as the case may be, for that period or any part thereof.

(4) Where-

all the companies in question are in the same group for the purposes of this Act.

(5) References in this Act to a year or years of assessment shall be construed (except where Schedule 9 provides otherwise) as references to a year or years of assessment in relation to which this Act has effect by virtue of subsection 1 (3).

(6) For the purposes of this Act-

(7) Any reference in this Act to interest shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to gains or profits received and expenses incurred, in lieu of interest, in transactions conducted in accordance with the Syariah.

[Ins. Act 323:s.4]

Related reading:
[Act A108; Act A158:s.2; Act A380:s.2; Act A955:s.2; Act A774:s.2; Act A1093:s.2;
Act 420:s.4; Act 513:s.4; Act 557:s.4; Act 600:s.4; Act 680:s.4]


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