INCOME TAX ACT 1967 (ACT 53)




SCHEDULE 3 - Capital Allowances And Charges.


Qualifying expenditure

1. Subject to this Schedule, qualifying expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is qualifying plant expenditure or qualifying building expenditure within the meaning of paragraphs 2 to 6.

2. (1) Subject to subparagraph (2) and paragraph 67, qualifying plant expenditure is capital expenditure incurred on the provision of machinery or plant used for the purposes of a business, including-

(2) In the case of a motor vehicle, other than a motor vehicle licensed by the appropriate authority for commercial transportation of goods or passengers, the qualifying plant expenditure incurred on or after the first day of the basis period for the year of assessment 1991 shall be limited to a maximum of fifty thousand ringgit:
[Am. Act 476: s.18]

[Subs. Act 309: s.17; Subs. Act 451: s.25;
Subs. Act 608: s.24]
2A. Subject to this Schedule, where any person had in use machinery or plant for a non-business purpose, and that machinery or plant is subsequently brought into use for the purposes of a business of his, he is deemed to have incurred qualifying plant expenditure in relation to that machinery or plant and the amount of the qualifying plant expenditure shall be taken to be the market value of the machinery or plant on the day the machinery or plant was so brought into use.
[Ins. Act 476: s.18]

2B. Subject to this Schedule, where-

[Ins. Act 476: s.18]
2C. Subject to this Schedule, where machinery or plant is brought into use for the purposes of a business in Malaysia by any person and prior thereto the machinery or plant had been used for the purposes of a business outside Malaysia, the person shall be deemed to have incurred qualifying plant expenditure and the amount of the qualifying plant expenditure in respect thereof shall be taken to be the market value or the net book value of the machinery or plant, whichever is the lower, on the day the machinery or plant was so brought into use in Malaysia.
[Ins. Act 476: s.18]

3. Subject to paragraphs 3A to 6, qualifying building expenditure is capital expenditure incurred on the construction or purchase of a building which is used at any time after its construction or purchase, as the case may be, as an industrial building.
[Am. Act 619:s.8]

3A. (1) Subject to subparagraph (2), where a building is purchased for use as an industrial building from a person who constructed that building and that building has not been used by any person for any purpose prior to the purchase, then, for the purposes of this Schedule—


(2) The capital expenditure incurred by the person who constructed the building and the date of construction of that building by that person to which regard would be had but for this subparagraph shall be disregarded for the purposes of this Schedule.
[Ins. Act 619:s.8]

4. Where a purchased building to which paragraph 3 applies was in use as an industrial building within one month (or such further period as the Director General may allow) before the purchase, the qualifying building expenditure incurred by the purchaser on that building shall be taken, for the purposes of this Schedule, to be the amount of the purchase price for the building or, where the purchase price exceeds the vendor's residual expenditure in relation to the building at the date of the purchase, the amount of that residual expenditure increased by any balancing charge made on the vendor, in relation to the building, under this Schedule.

5. (1) Subject to subparagraph (1A), in the case of a purchased building in use as an industrial building to which paragraph 4 does not apply, the qualifying building expenditure incurred by the purchaser on that building shall be taken, for the purposes of this Schedule, to be-
[Am. Act 619:s.8]

[Am. Act 619:s.8]
whichever is the smaller.
[Am. Act A226: s.34]

(1A) Where the purchased building referred to in subparagraph (1) is constructed prior to 1 January 2000 and that building was first used after its purchase as an industrial building—

[Ins. Act 619:s.8]

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, where the amount of the capital expenditure incurred on the construction of the building is not known to the purchaser or the Director General, that amount shall be estimated by the Director General to the best of his judgment.


6. Qualifying building expenditure does not include-

[Am. Act 328: s.17]


Qualifying agriculture expenditure

7. (1) Subject to this Schedule, qualifying agriculture expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is capital expenditure incurred by a person on-


(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, "agriculture" includes the reafforestation of timber.
[Am. Act A226: s.34; Subs. Act A643: s.8]

Qualifying forest expenditure

8. (1) Subject to this Schedule, qualifying forest expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is capital expenditure incurred by a person on the construction in a forest of-

[Subs. Act A643: s.8]
(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, "forest", in relation to a person, means a forest in respect of which he has a concession or a licence to extract timber therefrom, being a forest in use by him for the extraction of timber therefrom for the purposes of a business of his which consists wholly or partly of that extraction.
[Am. Act A226: s.34]

Qualifying expenditure: initial allowances

9. An allowance made under paragraphs 10 and 12 shall be known as an initial allowance.
[Am. Act A1028: s.6]
10. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purpose of a business of his incurred qualifying plant expenditure, there shall be made to him in relation to the source of consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to one-fifth of the expenditure or such other fraction as may be prescribed.
[Am. Act 476: s.18]

11. [Deleted by Act A1028: s.6]

11A. [Ins. Act 241: s.17; Deleted by Act A1028: s.6]

12. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying building expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to one tenth of that expenditure.
[Am. Act 619:s.8]

13. Notwithstanding paragraphs 10 and 12-
[Am. Act A1028: s.6]


13A. Notwithstanding paragraph 10, no initial allowance shall be made to a person for a year of assessment in relation to an asset and a business of his referred to in paragraphs 2A, 2B or 2C, as the case may be.

[Ins. Act 476: s.18; Am. Act A1028: s.6]

Qualifying expenditure: annual allowances

14. An allowance made under paragraphs 15 to 16A shall be known as an annual allowance.
[Am. Act 619:s.8]

15. Subject to this Schedule, where a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying plant expenditure in relation to an asset and at the end of the basis period for a year of assessment he was the owner of the asset and it was in use for the purposes of the business there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to such proportion as may be prescribed of that expenditure.
[Am. Act 241: s.17]

15A. (Repealed by Act 619:s.8)
[Ins. Act 241: s.17]

16. Subject to this Schedule, where a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying building expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building and at the end of the basis period for a year of assessment he was the owner of the building and it was in use as an industrial building for the purposes of the business, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to three-hundredth or such other fraction as may be prescribed of that expenditure.
[Am. Act 619:s.8]

(Note : Special provision relating to paragraph 16 of Schedule 3

Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 16 of Schedule 3 to the principal Act, where an annual allowance has been made to a person in respect of a purchased building, and that allowance has been calculated based on a permitted fraction under paragraph 17 of Schedule 3 to the principal Act before the coming into operation of the deletion of that paragraph under paragraph 8(h) of this Act, which is higher than three-hundredth, the annual allowance for a year of assessment for that building shall be calculated based on the higher fraction and that allowance shall not exceed the amount of the residual expenditure at the end of the basis period for that year of assessment.)
[Ins. Act 619:s.9]

16A. Subject to this Schedule, where a person has incurred qualifying building expenditure on the construction of a building to which paragraph 67B applies and at the end of the basis period for a year of assessment the building was on lease to the Government, there shall be made to him in relation to the income from that lease for that year an allowance equal to three-fiftieths or such other fraction as may be prescribed of that expenditure.
[Ins. Act 600: s.13]

17. (1) (Repealed by Act 619)

(2) In this paragraph "permitted fraction", in relation to qualifying building expenditure on the purchase of a building, means a fraction the numerator of which is one and the denominator of which is the number of years comprised in a period which begins with the year of assessment in the basis year for which the building was purchased and ends with the fiftieth year of assessment after the year of assessment in the basis year for which the building was constructed.

18. An allowance made to a person in relation to a business of his under paragraph 15 or 16 for a year of assessment in respect of any expenditure in relation to an asset shall not exceed the amount of the residual expenditure at the end of the basis period for that year.
[Am. Act 241: s.17; Am. Act 619:s.8]
19. Where in relation to any particular asset the Director General is of the opinion that the proportion prescribed under paragraph 15 is too high or too low having regard to the use of which the asset is put, he may give a direction for such other proportion as he considers appropriate to be adopted in relation to the qualifying plant expenditure.
[Am. Act 241: s.17]
Agriculture allowances

20. An allowance made under paragraph 22 or 23 shall be known as an agriculture allowance.
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

21. A person entitled to an agriculture allowance in respect of any expenditure shall not be entitled to an allowance under any other paragraph in respect of the same expenditure.
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

22. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying agriculture expenditure, on the construction of-

[Subs. Act A643: s.8]
22A. (Repealed by Act A643: s.8)


23. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying agriculture expenditure to which paragraph 22 does not apply, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year and for the following year of assessment an allowance equal to one-half of that expenditure.
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

24. Subject to this Schedule, where a person (in this paragraph referred to as the transmitter) would but for this paragraph be entitled to an agriculture allowance for a year of assessment in respect of qualifying agriculture expenditure incurred by him in relation to an asset for-the purposes of a business of his and in the basis period for that year that asset is transferred or transmitted by operation of law or otherwise to some other person (in this paragraph referred to as the recipient)-

[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

25. Notwithstanding paragraphs 22 to 24, no agriculture allowance shall be made to a person for a year of assessment in relation to an asset and a business of his -

[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

Agriculture charges

26. Where the business of a person consists wholly or partly of the working of a farm and in a basis period for a year of assessment any sum first becomes payable to him in that period, being a sum in respect of a grant or other payment by the Government, a State Government or a statutory authority which is intended directly or indirectly to relieve him of the burden of any capital expenditure incurred by him on that farm, an agriculture charge equal to that sum shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year:

Provided that, where that person ceased to possess that farm in the basis period for a year of assessment (being a basis period which elapsed before the time when the grant or other payment first became payable), the grant or other payment shall be deemed to have first become payable in that elapsed period.
[Am. Act A226: s.34; Subs. Act A643: s.8]

27. Where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person disposes of an asset and in relation to that asset and a business of his an agriculture allowance has been made to him for a year of assessment, and the qualifying agriculture expenditure incurred in relation to that asset was incurred over a period ending on a particular day and the disposal of the asset took place less than ten years after that day, there shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that first-mentioned year of assessment an agriculture charge equal to the amount of-

[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

28. An allowance made under paragraph 30, 30A or 31 shall be known as a forest allowance and a charge made under paragraph 32 shall be known as a forest charge

29. A person entitled to a forest allowance in respect of any expenditure shall not be entitled to an allowance under any other paragraph in respect of the same expenditure.

30 Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying forest expenditure on the construction of-


30A. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment prior to the year of assessment 1970 a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying forest expenditure on the construction of a building of the kind referred to in subparagraph 8(1)(b) and a forest allowance was made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for a year of assessment prior to the year of assessment 1970 in respect of that expenditure there shall be allowed to him for the year of assessment 1970 and for each of the four following years of assessment an allowance equal to one-fifth of the difference between that qualifying forest expenditure and the forest allowances made to him in respect of that qualifying expenditure for years of assessment prior to the year of assessment 1970.

31. Where a person in relation to a business of his in the basis period for a year of assessment permanently ceases to extract timber from a forest in relation to which he has incurred qualifying forest expenditure, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance in an amount equal to the excess, if any, of that expenditure over the total of any allowances made to him under paragraph 30 or 30A in relation to that expenditure; and he shall not be entitled to an allowance under paragraph 30 or 30A in relation to that expenditure for any year of assessment subsequent to that first-mentioned year of assessment.

32. (1) Where a person who in relation to a business of his and a forest has incurred qualifying forest expenditure disposes of that forest, there shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for the year of assessment in the basis period for which the disposal took place a forest charge equal to the amount of any allowance or to the aggregate amount of any allowances made to him in relation to that expenditure under paragraph 30, 30A or 31; and, where a forest is disposed of by that person after the end of the basis period (for a year of assessment) in which that business has permanently ceased to be carried on by him, the disposal shall be deemed to have been made in that basis period:

Provided that within three months (or such further period as the Director General may allow) of the beginning of the year of assessment following that year in which he disposed of the forest he may by notice in writing delivered to the Director General elect that the amount of that forest charge be divided by the number of years of assessment for which those allowances were made, and in lieu of that charge a forest charge equal to the amount resulting from that division shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for each of those years of assessment.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, a person shall be taken to have disposed of a forest if, having a concession or licence to extract timber therefrom, he transfers or assigns that concession or licence or surrenders that concession or licence for valuable consideration.

Qualifying expenditure: balancing allowances and balancing charges

33. Allowances made under paragraph 34 and charges made under paragraph 35 shall be known as balancing allowances and balancing charges respectively.

34. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person disposes of an asset in relation to which he has incurred qualifying expenditure for the purposes of a business of his and the residual expenditure at the date of its disposal exceeds its disposal value, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to the amount of the excess.

35. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person disposes of an asset in relation to which he has incurred qualifying expenditure for the purposes of a business of his and its disposal value exceeds the residual expenditure at the date of its disposal, there shall be made on him in relation to that business source for that year a charge equal to the amount of the excess:
[Am. Act 241: s.17]
Provided that no charge shall be made on him under this paragraph if that asset is an industrial building and it is disposed of by him after the basis period (in relation to that business) for the year of assessment which is the fiftieth year of assessment after the year of assessment in the basis year for which that building was constructed.

36. No allowance shall be made for a year of assessment under paragraph 34 to a person in relation to an asset which has been disposed of unless an initial or annual allowance in relation to that asset has been made or would have been made, if claimed, to him.

37. A charge made on a person under paragraph 35 in relation to an asset shall not exceed the total of all allowances made to him under this Schedule in relation to that asset.

Qualifying expenditure: Licensed private hospital, maternity home and nursing home

37A. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a private hospital, maternity home and nursing home licensed under the provisions of any written law for the time being in force relating to registration of private hospital, maternity home and nursing home, or where no such law is in force, approved by the Director General after consultation with the Director General of Health; and in such application the reference to capital expenditure incurred on the construction of a building shall include any capital expenditure incurred on the alteration or renovation of rented premises for the purpose of carrying on therein a private hospital, maternity home or nursing home.
[Ins. Act A108: s.2; Am. Act A158: s.15]

Qualifying expenditure: Building used for research or training
[Am. Act 421: s.7]

37B. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof being in use for the purpose of-
[Am. Act 513: s.27]
[Ins. Act 274: s.14; Am. Act 293: s.24;
Subs. Act A643: s.8; Ins. Act 531: s.20]
[Subs. Act 531: s.20; Subs. Act 421: s.7]
Qualifying expenditure: Building used for warehouse

37C. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof used by a person solely for the purpose of storage of goods for export or for the storage of imported goods which are to be processed and distributed or re-exported and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12 or 16 an allowance of an amount equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.
[Ins. Act 293: s.24; Am. Act 578: s.20; Act 619:s.8]

Qualifying expenditure: Machinery or plant used for research

37D. The provisions of this Schedule relating to qualifying plant expenditure shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to capital expenditure incurred on the provision of machinery or plant used for the purposes of research approved by the Minister within the meaning of section 34A; and in such application the machinery or plant shall be deemed to be in use for the purposes of the business referred to in section 34A, notwithstanding that such research is not related to that business.
[Ins. Act A643: s.8]

Qualifying expenditure: Building used for approved service project

37E. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof used by a person solely for the purpose of the provision of services and modernisation of operations in relation to an approved service project as defined under Schedule 7B.
[Ins. Act 544: s.15]

Qualifying expenditure: Building used for hotel

37F. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof used by a person solely for the purpose of an hotel and that hotel is registered with the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism.
[Ins. Act 619:s.8]

Qualifying expenditure: Airport

37G. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to an airport and the reference to capital expenditure incurred in relation to that airport shall include the capital expenditure on the construction, reconstruction, extension, improvement or purchase of any building, runway or ancillary structures.
[Ins. Act 619:s.8]

Qualifying expenditure: Motor racing circuit

37H. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a motor racing circuit approved by the Minister and the reference to capital expenditure incurred in relation to that motor racing circuit shall include the capital expenditure on the construction, reconstruction, extension or improvement of that motor racing circuit or ancillary structures.
[Ins. Act 619:s.8]

Disposal subject to control, etc.

38. (1) Paragraphs 39 and 40 shall apply where a person diposes of an asset in relation to which an initial or annual allowance or an agriculture allowance or forest allowance has been made or would have been made, if claimed, to him and at the time of the disposal-
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]
the disposer of the asset, the asset in question and the acquirer of the asset being in those paragraphs referred to as the disposer, the asset and the acquirer respectively.

(2) In this paragraph "control", in relation to a company, means the power of a person to secure, by means of the holding of shares or the possession of voting power in or in relation to that or any other company, or by virtue of any powers conferred by the articles of association or other document regulating that or any other company, that the affairs of the first-mentioned company are conducted in accordance with the wishes of that person, and, in relation to a partnership, means the right to a share of more than one-half of the assets of the partnership, or to more than one-half of the divisible profits of the partnership.

39. (1) Subject to any rules made under paragraph 40, the disposal of the asset shall be deemed to have taken place on the first day of the disposer's final period for a sum equal to the disposer's residual expenditure on that day.

(2) In this paragraph "the disposer's final period" means, in relation to the disposal and acquisition of the asset, the basis period (appropriate to the disposer's business for the purposes of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred in relation to the asset) for the year of assessment which coincides with the first year of assessment for which an initial or annual allowance may be made to the acquirer in relation to the asset if it is used for the purposes of a business carried on by the acquirer or as an industrial building.

40. Any qualifying expenditure incurred by the acquirer in relation to the asset to which regard would be had but for this paragraph shall be disregarded for the purposes of this Schedule and the acquirer shall be deemed to have incurred qualifying expenditure in relation to the asset of an amount equal to the sum ascertained under paragraph 39 in relation to the asset; and in relation to the asset-

shall he determined in such manner as may be prescribed by rules to be made for the purposes of paragraph 38, 39, and this paragraph.

Asset used in more than one business

41. In any case where a person has incurred qualifying expenditure in relation to an asset and any one or more of the following circumstances are found-

Certain buildings treated as industrial buildings

42. (1) Where an industrial building is in use in the basis period for a year of assessment for the purposes of a business of a person and a building is constructed by him and provided by him as living accommodation for an individual employed by him in that business, that last-mentioned building shall be treated as an industrial building in use as an industrial building for the purposes of that business at any time that it is occupied by an individual so employed, and there shall be substituted for the amount of the initial allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12 an initial allowance equal to two-fifths of the qualifying expenditure incurred by that person on that last-mentioned building:

Provided that, where the expenditure incurred by that person on the construction of that last-mentioned building is expenditure of a kind to which paragraph 7 or 8 is applicable, that person may within three months (or within such further period as the Director General may allow) of the beginning of the year of assessment in the basis period for which that expenditure was incurred by notice in writing delivered to the Director General elect that, in lieu of having allowances made to him under paragraph 22 or 30 in relation to that expenditure, allowances be made to him under this paragraph.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, in relation to a business of a person, "employee" does not include a director, an individual having control of that business or an individual who is a member of the management, administrative or clerical staff engaged in that business.
[Am. Act A226: s.34]

42A. (1) Where a person carrying on a manufacturing, hotel or tourism business or an approved service project under Schedule 7B has incurred in the basis period for a year of assessment expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for the purposes of that business for the provision of living accommodation for individuals employed by him in that business, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business at any time that it is occupied by individuals so employed, and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.
[Am. Act 557: s.22; Am. Act 619: s.8]

(2) Where a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred in the basis period for a year of assessment expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for the purposes of that business for the provision of child care facilities for individuals employed by him in that business, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business at any time that it is used by individuals so employed, and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.
Am. Act 619: s.8
(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Schedule, for the purposes of this paragraph the qualifying expenditure in the case of a purchased building shall be the purchase price of that building.

(4) For the purposes of subparagraph (1), "individuals employed by him" does not include a director, an individual having control of that business or an individual who is a member of the management, administrative or clerical staff engaged in that business.
[Ins. Act 513: s.27]

42B. Where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred capital expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for a school or an educational institution approved by the Minister of Education or any relevant authority, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.

[Ins. Act 544: s.15; Am. Act 619:s.8]

42C. Where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred capital expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for the purposes of industrial, technical or vocational training approved by the Minister, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.
[Ins. Act 544: s.15; Am. Act 619:s.8]

Interpretation

43. In this Schedule "asset", except where the context otherwise requires, means an asset in relation to which qualifying expenditure, qualifying agriculture expenditure or qualifying forest expenditure, as the case may be, has been incurred.
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

44. Any reference in this Schedule to any asset or to any relevant interest therein shall be construed whenever necessary as including a reference to a part of any asset or of any relevant interest therein (or, in the case of an asset or any relevant interest therein held in undivided shares, the undivided share in the asset or in the relevant interest therein); and, when it is so construed, the Director General shall make such necessary apportionments as may be just and reasonable to give proper effect to this Schedule.

45. For the purposes of this Schedule, capital expenditure incurred on-


46. Where a person incurs capital expenditure under a hire purchase agreement on the provision of any machinery or plant for the purposes of a business of his, he shall for the purposes of this Schedule be taken to be the owner of that machinery or plant; and the qualifying expenditure incurred by him on that machinery or plant in the basis period for a year of assessment shall be taken to be the capital portion of any instalment payment (or, where there is more than one such payment, of the aggregate of those payments) made by him under the agreement in that period.

47. For the purposes of this Schedule, where an asset consists of a building the owner thereof shall be taken to be the owner of the relevant interest in the building.

48. A building in respect of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred is disposed of within the meaning of this Schedule on the occurrence of any of the following events:

or on the building ceasing to be used as an industrial building.

49. In this Schedule "relevant interest", in relation to a building on which qualifying building expenditure has been incurred, means (subject to paragraphs 50 and 51) the interest in the building to which the person who incurred that expenditure was entitled when he incurred it.

50. Where-

51. An interest shall not cease to be the relevant interest for the purposes of this Schedule by reason of the creation of any lease or other interest to which that first-mentioned interest is subject; and, where the relevant interest is a leasehold interest and is extinguished by the surrender thereof or on the person entitled thereto acquiring the interest which is reversionary thereon, the interest into which that leasehold interest merges shall thereupon become the relevant interest.

52. (1) An asset in relation to which qualifying agriculture expenditure has been incurred by a person is disposed of within the meaning of this Schedule on the occurrence of any of the following events:


(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, "relevant interest" shall have the meaning which it would have if in paragraphs 49 and 50 the reference to-

[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

53. (1) Any reference in this Schedule to the disposal, purchase, transfer or transmission of any asset includes a reference to the disposal, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be, of that asset together with any other asset, whether or not qualifying expenditure, qualifying agriculture expenditure or qualifying forest expenditure, as the case ma be, has been incurred on that last-mentioned asset, and in any such case so much of the disposal value or the purchase price, as the case may be, of those assets as, on a just apportionment, is properly attributable to the first-mentioned asset shall, for the purposes of this Schedule, be deemed to be the disposal value or the purchase price, as the case may be, of that first-mentioned asset.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, all the assets which are disposed of, purchased, transferred or transmitted in pursuance of one bargain shall be deemed to be disposed of, purchased, transferred, or transmitted, as the case may be, together, notwithstanding that separate prices are or purport to be agreed for each of those assets or that there are or purport to be separate disposals, purchases, transfers or transmissions, as the case may be, of those assets.

(3) Subparagraphs (1) and (2) of this paragraph shall apply, with any necessary modifications, to the disposal, purchase, transfer or transmission of any asset or the relevant interest in any asset together with any other asset or relevant interest in any other asset.
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

54. Where any person has incurred expenditure in relation to an asset which is allowed to be deducted under Chapter 4 of Part III in computing the adjusted income or adjusted loss of that person for the basis period for a year of assessment from a business of his, that expenditure shall not be treated as qualifying expenditure or qualifying agriculture expenditure or qualifying forest expenditure in relation to that asset.
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

55. For the purposes of this Schedule-


56. For the purposes of this Schedule, an asset which is temporarily disused in relation to a business of a person shall be deemed to be in use for the purposes of the business if it was in use for the purposes of the business immediately before becoming disused and if during the period of disuse it is constantly maintained in readiness to be brought back into use for those purposes.

57. If an asset which is temporarily disused in relation to a business of a person ceases to be ready for use for the purposes of the business or if its disuse can no longer reasonably be regarded as temporary, it shall b6 deemed to have ceased at the beginning of the period of disuse to be used for the purposes of the business, and all such assessments shall be made as may be necessary to counteract the benefit of any allowances made to him for any year of assessment by reason of the application of paragraph 56 in relation to the asset.

58. For the purposes of this Schedule, a building is purchased by a person on the sale, transfer or assignment to him of a relevant interest in the building.

59. Any reference in this Schedule to the date of any sale, purchase, transfer or transmission shall be construed as a reference to the date of completion of the sale, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be, or the date when possession of the asset the subject matter of the sale, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be (or of the asset in which there is a relevant interest which is the subject matter of the sale, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be) is given, whichever is the earlier.

60. Where a person who owns a building grants a lease thereof and that building is in use as an industrial building, then, in the application of this Schedule to that person in relation to that building any reference to a business of his shall be taken to be a reference to the source in respect of any income to which that person is entitled under that lease, and any reference to a basis period (in relation to any such reference to a business) shall be taken to be a reference to the basis period in relation to that source.

61. Any plant or machinery which is used for the purposes of a business and in respect of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred is disposed of within the meaning of this Schedule if it is sold, discarded or destroyed or if it ceases to be used for the purposes of that business.

62. (1) Subject to subparagraph (2), for the purposes of this Schedule, where an asset is disposed of by a person, its disposal value shall be taken to be an amount equal to its market value at the date of its disposal or, in the case of its disposal by way of sale, transfer or assignment-


(2) Where an asset of the kind to which subparagraph 2 (2) applies is disposed of, the disposal value shall be deemed to be an amount which bears the same proportion to the disposal value ascertained under subparagraph (1) as the qualifying plant expenditure ascertained under subparagraph 2 (2) bears to the qualifying plant expenditure ascertained under subparagraph 2 (1).

(3) Where pursuant to an agreement with the Government, State Government or a local authority in respect of a privatisation project an asset used in the privatisation project is disposed of to the Government, State Government or local authority, as the case may be, its disposal value shall be taken to be an amount equal to the net proceeds of the disposal.
[Ins. Act 451: s.25]

(4) Notwithstanding subparagraph 62(1) where an asset in relation to which the person has incurred qualifying plant expenditure for the purposes of a business of his is disposed of by way of gift, its disposal value shall be deemed to be zero if the gift is made to-

[Ins. Act 531: s.20]

63. Subject to paragraphs 64 to 66, a building is an industrial building within the meaning of this Schedule if it is used for the purposes of a business and-

[Ins. Act 451: s.25]
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

64. In paragraph 63(a) "factory" includes-



65. (1) Where a building is an industrial building, any building provided as a canteen, rest-room, recreation room, lavatory, bathhouse, bathroom, or washroom for persons employed in the business for the purposes of which that industrial building is used shall be treated as an industrial building.

(2) In the case of a farm, where a building is provided for the welfare of persons, or as living accommodation for a person, employed in connection with the working of a farm, then, if the building is likely to be of little or no value to any person except in connection with the working of that farm or of another farm, that building shall be treated as an industrial building.
[Subs. Act A643: s.8]

(3) Subject to paragraph 67B, a building used as a dwelling house (not being for accommodation of the kind mentioned in subparagraph (2)) or a retail shop, showroom or office is not and shall not be treated as an industrial building.
[Am. Act 600: s.13; Am. Act 619:s.8]

66. Where part of a building or of an extension of a building is used as an industrial building and the other part of the building or extension, as the case may be, is not so used, then, if the capital expenditure incurred on the construction of the part which is not so used is not more than one-tenth of the capital expenditure incurred on the construction of the whole building or extension, as the case may be, the building or extension; as the case may be, shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of this Schedule; and, where the whole or some of the capital expenditure incurred on the construction of the part not so used is not identifiable as the capital expenditure incurred on the whole building or extension, as the case may be, that last-mentioned expenditure or the part thereof not identifiable as incurred on the respective parts of the building or extension, as the case may be, shall be apportioned by reference to the respective floor areas of those respective parts or in such other manner as the Director General may direct.

67. Where capital expenditure is incurred on preparing, cutting, tunnelling or levelling land in order to prepare a site for the installation of machinery or plant to be used for the purposes of a business, then, if that expenditure amounts to more than seventy-five per cent of the aggregate of that expenditure and the capital expenditure incurred on that machinery or plant, the machinery or plant shall as regards that aggregate expenditure be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as a building so long as that machinery or plant is used for the purposes of that business; and that aggregate expenditure shall be treated as the amount of the qualifying expenditure incurred on that building, which shall be treated as disposed of if that plant or machinery is disposed of.

67A. Where pursuant to an agreement with the Government a person incurs capital expenditure on the construction, reconstruction, extension or improvement of any public road and ancillary structures which expenditure is recoverable through toll collection, the road and ancillary structures as regards such expenditure shall, for the purposes of this Schedule, be treated as a building and the provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to such building:

Provided that-

[Ins. Act 323: s.23]

67B. (1) A building constructed by a person pursuant to an agreement entered into between that person and the Government on a build-lease-transfer basis shall, subject to the approval of the Minister, be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of this Schedule.

(2) Where subparagraph (1) applies -


[Ins. Act 600: s.13]

68. A reference in this Schedule to residual expenditure at any date in relation to an asset in respect of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred by a person is to be construed as a reference to the total qualifying expenditure incurred by him on the provision, construction or purchase of the asset before that date, reduced by-

69. Any reference in that Schedule to an allowance made to a person for a year of assessment or to an allowance to which a person is entitled under this Schedule for a year of assessment is a reference to-


70. In this Schedule "purchase price", in relation to the purchase of an industrial building, includes any legal fee, stamp duty or other incidental expenditure incurred by the purchaser in connection with the purchase, but does not include so much of the purchase price of the building and of any land or an interest therein purchased with the building as is attributable to the land or that interest; and, for the purposes of paragraph 53, the building and that land or the interest therein, as the case may be, shall be treated as being separate assets.

Supplemental provisions

71. Where a person has incurred qualifying expenditure in relation to an asset which is owned by that person for a period of less than two years (except by reason of the death of that person), the Director General may direct that any allowance which but for this paragraph would fall to be made to him in relation to that asset shall not be made; and, where any such allowance has been made, a balancing charge in an amount equal to any such allowance shall be made on him for the year of assessment in the basis period for which the asset was disposed of by him (being the basis period appropriate to the source consisting of the business for the purposes of which the expenditure was incurred).

72. (Repealed by Act A226: s.34).

73. Where qualifying expenditure has been incurred by a person in relation to an asset used for the purposes of a business of his, then, if the asset is used only partly for the purposes of the business, any allowance to be made to that person under this Schedule for a year of assessment in relation to the asset shall consist of so much of what would have been the amount of the allowance claimed and due for that year if the asset had been used in the basis period for that year wholly for the purposes of the business, as shall be determined by the Director General having regard to all the circumstances of the case:

Provided that in ascertaining the residual expenditure at any date in relation to the asset regard shall be had, with respect to any allowance claimed in relation to that asset for any year of assessment, to the full amount of that allowance which but for this paragraph would then have been made to him for that year in relation to that asset.
[Subs. Act A226: s.34]

74. Where a person has a source within the meaning of sections 55 to 58, any allowance or charge to be made to or on him for a year of assessment in relation to a source and to an asset for a year of assessment shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed by rules made for the purposes of this paragraph.

75. Where, by reason of an insufficiency or absence of adjusted income of a person from a business of his for the basis period for a year of assessment or by reason of the existence of an adjusted loss from the business for that period, effect cannot be given or cannot be given in full to any allowance or to the aggregate amount of any allowances falling to be made to him for that year in relation to the source consisting of that business, that allowance or that aggregate amount, as the case may be, which has not been so made (or so much thereof as has not been so made to him for that year) shall be deemed to be an allowance to be made to him for the first subsequent year of assessment for the basis period for which there is adjusted income from that business, and so on for subsequent years of assessment until the whole amount of the allowance or that aggregate amount to be made to him has been made to him.

76. A person shall not be entitled to an allowance under this Schedule for a year of assessment unless he makes a claim for the allowance for that year in accordance with paragraph 77.

77. (1) Any claim by a person for an allowance under this Schedule for a year of assessment shall be made in a written statement containing such particulars as may be requisite to show that the claimant is entitled to the allowance and a certificate signed by the claimant verifying those particulars.

(2) Any claim to be made by a person for a year of assessment in accordance with this paragraph shall be delivered with a return of his income made under section 77 for that year.

78. Where in the case of a business of a person the basis periods for two years of assessment overlap, the period common to those periods shall be deemed for the purposes of this Schedule to fall into the earlier of those periods and not into the later of those periods.

79. Where as regards a business of a person the Director General has exercised the power conferred upon him by subsection 21(3) or 21A(3) to direct that the basis period for a year of assessment shall consist of a specified period, any allowance or charge to be made on or to that person under this Schedule in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year shall be ascertained by reference to such a period as shall be determined by the Director General, and that last-mentioned period shall be taken to be the basis period for that year in the application of this paragraph with this Schedule.
[Am. Act A1151:s.25]
________________________________________________

[Shall have effect for the year of assessement 2004 and subsequent years of assessment.]

77(2) Any claim to be made by a person for a year of assessment in accordance with this paragraph shall be furnished with a return of his income made under section 77 or 77A for that year.

[Am. Act A1151:s.25]

79. Where as regards a business of a person the Director General has exercised the power conferred upon him by section 21 A (3) to direct that the basis period for a year of assessment shall consist of a specified period, any allowance or charge to be made on or to that person under this Schedule in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year shall be ascertained by reference to such a period as shall be determined by the Director General, and that last-mentioned period shall be taken to be the basis period for that year in the application of this paragraph with this Schedule.
[Am. Act A1151:s.25]


Related reading:
[Act A108: s.2; Act A158: s.15; Act A226: s.34;
Act A1028: s.6; Act 241: s.17; Act 274:s.14; Act 293: s.24; Act 309: s.17; Act 323: s.23; Act 328: s.17; Act 421: s.7; Act 451: s.25; Act 476: s.18; Act 513: s.27;.Act 531: s.20; Act 544: s.15; Act 557: s.22; Act 578: s.20; Act 600: s.13; Act 608: s.24; Act 619:s.8; Act 619:s.9]


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